Take a Trip to Iran to Explore Ancient Persian Empire History
A trip to Iran is incomplete if you don't explore ancient Persian empire. Although civilization can be traced back to much beyond the Neolithic Age, yet it is only after the Persian empire was established by Cyrus the Great that you are able to get recorded anecdotes of the history of Iran.
The country abounds with the architectural magnificence made during the reign of the Achaemenids, the Parthians and the Sassanids. There are also reminders of the invasions by the Greeks, Arabs, Turkish and Mongols. The beauty of Iran can be witnessed throughout the country but largely in Persepolis, Pasargadae, Bisotoun and Taq-e-Bostan.
Cyrus the great, the founder of the Achemenid empire, appointed Pasargadae as the first capital city of his dynasty, which is again full of attractive palaces and gardens. Sites worth visiting in this ancient city are the mausoleum of Cyrus and Tall-e-Takht. There is also a royal complex including palace, gardens, audience hall and gatehouse. Many inscriptions on the imposing structures are proof of the royal bearing of Cyrus in this city. The city was eventually ruined by fire caused by enemies. A trip to Iran should surely include Pasargadae in order to understand and explore ancient Persian empire.
Capital of the Achaemenid empire, Persepolis had a beautiful palace complex which is reminiscent of the wealth and power of the kingdom. Ceremonies and receptions were held there until the palace was ruined by Alexander,
One of the wonderful palaces is the famous Apadana audience hall, which has the inscription, "Darius the great king, king of kings, king of countries, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenian, built this palace". The drainage system is one of its kind in the building. Many improvements were added to the palace complex by Xerxes, the son of Darius. These include Darius' palace, Gate of all Nations, Xerxes' palace, Queen's quarters and many more. Iran travel packages never fail to list Persepolis as a part of the itinerary.
Bisotoun & Taq-e-Bostan
You have to see the Bisotoun relief which shows Darius the Great standing against the nine rebels in front of him, who had laid their hands on part of the empire by deception after Cyrus the Great had died. Below this is the trilingual inscription by the great ruler which is a great example of cuneiform writing.
A few miles away are the rock relieves of Sassanid kings at Taq-e-Bostan, together with a spring emerging from a mountain cliff. It is a scene to be watched in winter among the mist and clouds. There are many hunting scene designs carved out on the rocks, which are rather sensational among the rocks.
Well-planned Iran travel packages include all these sights and more and you will be impressed by the rich heritage and culture of Iran.